Digitally-Assisted Mixed-Signal Wideband Compressive Sensing
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Digitizing wideband signals requires very demanding analog-to-digital conversion (ADC) speed and resolution specifications. In this dissertation, a mixed-signal parallel compressive sensing system is proposed to realize the sensing of wideband sparse signals at sub-Nqyuist rate by exploiting the signal sparsity. The mixed-signal compressive sensing is realized with a parallel segmented compressive sensing (PSCS) front-end, which not only can filter out the harmonic spurs that leak from the local random generator, but also provides a tradeoff between the sampling rate and the system complexity such that a practical hardware implementation is possible. Moreover, the signal randomization in the system is able to spread the spurious energy due to ADC nonlinearity along the signal bandwidth rather than concentrate on a few frequencies as it is the case for a conventional ADC. This important new property relaxes the ADC SFDR requirement when sensing frequency-domain sparse signals. The mixed-signal compressive sensing system performance is greatly impacted by the accuracy of analog circuit components, especially with the scaling of CMOS technology. In this dissertation, the effect of the circuit imperfection in the mixed-signal compressive sensing system based on the PSCS front-end is investigated in detail, such as the finite settling time, the timing uncertainty and so on. An iterative background calibration algorithm based on LMS (Least Mean Square) is proposed, which is shown to be able to effectively calibrate the error due to the circuit nonideal factors. A low-speed prototype built with off-the-shelf components is presented. The prototype is able to sense sparse analog signals with up to 4 percent sparsity at 32 percent of the Nqyuist rate. Many practical constraints that arose during building the prototype such as circuit nonidealities are addressed in detail, which provides good insights for a future high-frequency integrated circuit implementation. Based on that, a high-frequency sub-Nyquist rate receiver exploiting the parallel compressive sensing is designed and fabricated with IBM90nm CMOS technology, and measurement results are presented to show the capability of wideband compressive sensing at sub-Nyquist rate. To the best of our knowledge, this prototype is the first reported integrated chip for wideband mixed-signal compressive sensing. The proposed prototype achieves 7 bits ENOB and 3 GS/s equivalent sampling rate in simulation assuming a 0.5 ps state-of-art jitter variance, whose FOM beats the FOM of the high speed state-of-the-art Nyquist ADCs by 2-3 times. The proposed mixed-signal compressive sensing system can be applied in various fields. In particular, its applications for wideband spectrum sensing for cognitive radios and spectrum analysis in RF tests are discussed in this work.
Yu, Zhuizhuan (2011). Digitally-Assisted Mixed-Signal Wideband Compressive Sensing. Doctoral dissertation, Texas A&M University. Available electronically from