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dc.creatorHeist, J. A.
dc.date.accessioned2011-04-11T15:35:26Z
dc.date.available2011-04-11T15:35:26Z
dc.date.issued1981
dc.identifier.otherESL-IE-81-04-18
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1969.1/94404
dc.description.abstractFreeze crystallization is an efficient separation process that can potentially be used in any application now using fractional distillation or evaporation. Since most solvent extraction processes use distillation, it can also be substituted for that process. Freeze crystallization is a high energy efficiency separation process that can be applied to a wide variety of industrial requirements. It is demonstrated here that membrane processes are the only separation technology that can approach freezing for energy efficiency. Two versions of the basic freeze crystallization process are discussed that reduce energy consumption even further. In achieving the lower energy consumption they also provide other benefits that reduce costs. The various benefits are quantified and several applications are discussed as illustrations of the capability of the two versions of the process.en
dc.publisherEnergy Systems Laboratory (http://esl.tamu.edu)
dc.publisherTexas A&M University (http://www.tamu.edu)
dc.subjectFreeze Crystallizationen
dc.subjectSeparation Processen
dc.subjectEnergy Consumptionen
dc.titleFreeze Crystallization: Improving the Energy Efficiency of a Low-Energy Separation Processen
dc.contributor.sponsorConsulting Chemical Engineer


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