Impurity-induced local density of states in a d-wave superconductor carrying a supercurrent
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The local density of states (LDOS) and its Fourier component induced by a unitary impurity in a supercurrent-carrying d-wave superconductor are investigated. Both of these quantities possess a reflection symmetry about the line passing through the impurity site and along the supercurrent if it is applied along the antinodal or nodal direction. With increasing supercurrent, both the coherence and resonant peaks in LDOS are suppressed and slightly broadened. Under a supercurrent along the antinodal direction, the coherence peaks split into double peaks. The modulation wave vectors associated with the elastic scatterings of quasiparticles by the defect from one constant-energy piece of the Fermi surface to another are displayed as bright. or dark spots in the Fourier space of the LDOS image, and they may be suppressed or enhanced and shifted, depending on the applied current and the bias voltage.