Immobilized metallodithiolate ligand supports for construction of bioinorganic model complexes
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The A-cluster active site in acetyl coA synthase exploits a Ni(CGC)2- metallopeptide as a bidentate ligand to chelate the catalytically active square-planar nickel center used to produce acetyl coA. As Nature utilizes polypeptides to isolate and stabilize the active sites, we have set out to immobilize biomimetic complexes to polyethylene-glycol (PEG) rich polystyrene polymer beads (TentaGel). The PEG rich resin-beads serve to imitate the peptidic superstructure of enzyme active sites as well as to protect the resin-bound models from O2 decomposition. As a model of the NiN2S2 ligand observed in the A-cluster of acetyl coA synthase, the CGC tripeptide was constructed on resins using Merrifield solid phase peptide synthesis and then metallated with NiII to produce bright orange beads. Derivatization with M(CO)x (M = Rh, W) provided qualitative identification of Ο-Ni(CGC)M(CO)x n- via ATR-FTIR. Additionally, Neutron Activation Analysis (NAA) and UV-vis studies have determined the concentration of Ni and CGC, and qualitatively identify Ο-Ni(CGC)2-. Furthermore, infrared studies and NAA experiments have been used to identify and quantify Ο- Ni(CGC)Rh(CO)2 1-. The S-based reactivity of Ni(ema)2-, a good model of Ni(CGC)2-, toward oxygenation and alkylation has been pursued and compared to neutral NiN2S2 complexes. The spectroscopic, electrochemical and structural effects of these modifications will be discussed and supported using DFT computations and electrostatic potential maps of the resulting Ni(ema)*O2 2- and Ni(ema)*(CH2)3 complexes. Having firmly established the synthesis, characterization and reactivity of NiN2S2 2- systems in solution and resin-bound, CuIIN2S2 analogues were explored. The synthesis and identification of solution complexes, Cu(ema)2-, Cu(emi)2-, and Cu(CGC)2- via UV-Vis, EPR, and –ESI-MS will be discussed in addition to their S-based reactivity with Rh(CO)2 + . Furthermore, the resin-bound Cu(CGC)2- complex has been produced and characterized by EPR and its Rh(CO)2 adduct identified by ATR-FTIR and compared to the analogous NiN2S2 2- systems. As the active site of [FeFe] Hydrogenase utilizes a unique peptide-bound propane dithiolate bridge to support the FeFe organometallic unit, [FeFe]Hydrogenase models have been covalently anchored to the resin-beads via similar carboxylic acid functionalities. The characterization (ATR-FTIR, EPR, Neutron Activation Analysis), stability and reactivity of the immobilized models complexes are discussed as well as work toward establishing the microenvironment of resin-bound complexes.
Green, Kayla Nalynn (2007). Immobilized metallodithiolate ligand supports for construction of bioinorganic model complexes. Doctoral dissertation, Texas A&M University. Available electronically from