A FRAMEWORK FOR DEFENDING AGAINST PREFIX HIJACK ATTACKS
Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) prefix hijacking is a serious problem in the Internet today. Although there are several services being offered to detect a prefix hijack, there has been little work done to prevent a hijack or to continue providing network service during a prefix hijack attack. This thesis proposes a novel framework to provide defense against prefix hijacking which can be offered as a service by Content Distribution Networks and large Internet Service Providers. Our experiments revealed that the hijack success rate reduced from 90.36% to 30.53% at Tier 2, 84.65% to 10.98% at Tier 3 and 82.45% to 8.39% at Tier 4 using Autonomous Systems (ASs) of Akamai as Hijack Prevention Service Provider. We also observed that 70% of the data captured by Hijack Prevention Service Provider (HPSP) can be routed back to Victim. However if we use tunneling, i.e. trying to route data to neighbors of Victims which in turn sends the traffic to Victims, we observed that data can be routed to Victim 98.09% of the time. Also, the cost of such redirection is minimal, since the average increase in path length was observed to be 2.07 AS hops.
Tadi, Krishna C. (2009). A FRAMEWORK FOR DEFENDING AGAINST PREFIX HIJACK ATTACKS. Master's thesis, Texas A&M University. Available electronically from