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dc.creatorKodikanti, Madhu Mohanen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-06-07T22:56:21Z
dc.date.available2012-06-07T22:56:21Z
dc.date.created1999en_US
dc.date.issued1999
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1969.1/ETD-TAMU-1999-THESIS-K634en_US
dc.descriptionDue to the character of the original source materials and the nature of batch digitization, quality control issues may be present in this document. Please report any quality issues you encounter to digital@library.tamu.edu, referencing the URI of the item.en_US
dc.descriptionIncludes bibliographical references (leaves 46-53).en_US
dc.descriptionIssued also on microfiche from Lange Micrographics.en_US
dc.description.abstractHexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)], frequently encountered due to metal plating operations, is normally considered toxic to microorganisms. RDX and HMX are the most widely used explosives since World War II and now contaminate many munitions and other related sites. The DOE facility in Amarillo, TX is contaminated with both high explosives and Cr (VI). The interaction of these co-contaminants is the focus of this research. Previous studies focussed on the degradation of RDX and HMX (Hallgarth, 1996,. Jankowski, 1997), whereas these studies were performed to evaluate the influence of Cr (VI) on the biodegradation of RDX and HMX. RDX biodegradation experiments were performed under nitrogen limiting conditions to examine the influence of Cr on the growth of microorganisms and their degradation of RDX. In experiments with HMX, carbon and nitrogen were supplemented periodically. Nutrients were added to maintain culture viability throughout experiments. Under these conditions, RDX concentrations were reduced by 8% and 17% in reactors with 1.0 and 2.5 mg/L Cr (VI), respectively; whereas 21% of the RDX was reduced in reactors with no Cr(VI). RDX biotransformation in reactors with 5.0 mg/L Cr (VI) was below 2%. HMX biotransformation percentages in reactors containing 0.0, 1.0, 2.5, 5.0 mg/L were 38%, 33%, 27%, 29% respectively. Less than 27% of HMX was transformed in reactors that contained 10 mg/L Cr (VI). Kinetic rate experiments were performed in the presence of Cr (VI) to characterize the response of cultures at different concentrations of carbon. The kinetic parameters for RDX degrading cultures were [] = 0.50 hr⁻¹, K[] = 58.60 mg/L and K[] = 5.00 mg/L. In the case of HMX degrading cultures the kinetic parameters were [] = 0.06 hr⁻¹, K[] = 96.99 mg/L and K[]=6.06 mg/L. Concentrations of Cr (VI) lower than 2.5 mg/L will inhibit RDX and HMX biodegradation without altering the biomass concentration whereas a Cr (VI) concentration of 5.0 mg/L and above inhibits the degradation as well as the growth of the cultures.en_US
dc.format.mediumelectronicen_US
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfen_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherTexas A&M Universityen_US
dc.rightsThis thesis was part of a retrospective digitization project authorized by the Texas A&M University Libraries in 2008. Copyright remains vested with the author(s). It is the user's responsibility to secure permission from the copyright holder(s) for re-use of the work beyond the provision of Fair Use.en_US
dc.subjectcivil engineering.en_US
dc.subjectMajor civil engineering.en_US
dc.titleInfluence of chromium on the biodegradation of hexahydro-1,3,5- trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX) and octahydro-1,3,5,7-tetranitro-1,3,5,7-tetrazocine (HMX)en_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
thesis.degree.disciplinecivil engineeringen_US
thesis.degree.nameM.S.en_US
thesis.degree.levelMastersen_US
dc.type.genrethesis
dc.type.materialtexten_US
dc.format.digitalOriginreformatted digitalen_US


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