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dc.creatorHandayani, Linaen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-06-07T22:55:54Z
dc.date.available2012-06-07T22:55:54Z
dc.date.created1999en_US
dc.date.issued1999
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1969.1/ETD-TAMU-1999-THESIS-H369en_US
dc.descriptionDue to the character of the original source materials and the nature of batch digitization, quality control issues may be present in this document. Please report any quality issues you encounter to digital@library.tamu.edu, referencing the URI of the item.en_US
dc.descriptionIncludes bibliographical references (leaves 56-60).en_US
dc.descriptionIssued also on microfiche from Lange Micrographics.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe Sunda French marks the subjection zone of Indian-Australian plate beneath the Eurasian plate. Due to the geometry of the Eurasian plate, the convergence is normal towards Java and oblique towards Sumatra. A major zone of dextral strike slip displacement along Sumatra Island, called the Sumatra Fault, partially accommodates the oblique convergence off Sumatra. It extends from north Sumatra south- eastward to the southern tip of Sumatra. It has been hypothesized that the Sumatra Fault extends offshore from the southern tip of Sumatra southward across the shore-ward trench slope to the trench axis. However, little evidence has been published to show the connection. The Sunda Strait forearm region, where the subjection direction changes from normal to oblique, is the focus of this study. The Sunda Strait fore-arc region is subject to northwest - southeast extension related to the motion of the Sumatra Fault and northeast - southwest compression because of subjection along the trench. The objective of this study is to determine the structures of the Sunda Strait forearm region, the south - southeast continuation of the Sumatra Fault, and model the tectonic development. All available geophysical data for the Sunda Strait forearm region have been compiled. These data consist of topography, free-air gravity, seismic refection profiles, and seismicity. Gravity analysis and modeling reveals that the Sunda Strait forearm region lacks accretionary prism development and instead consists of lower inner trench slope accretion and a broad basin beneath the upper inner trench slope and shelf. Topography, seismic reflection and earthquake data indicate a zone of mixed right-lateral and extensional tectonic across this forearm region from Sumatra to the trench. These results are interpreted as showing ongoing separation of the Sunda Strait forearm region as the Sumatra forearm plate has moved northwest, bounded by the Sumatra Fault, in response to oblique convergence. The Sumatra Fault does, therefore, extend across the inner trench slope to the trench where it forms a Trench-Trench-Fault triple junction.en_US
dc.format.mediumelectronicen_US
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfen_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherTexas A&M Universityen_US
dc.rightsThis thesis was part of a retrospective digitization project authorized by the Texas A&M University Libraries in 2008. Copyright remains vested with the author(s). It is the user's responsibility to secure permission from the copyright holder(s) for re-use of the work beyond the provision of Fair Use.en_US
dc.subjectgeophysics.en_US
dc.subjectMajor geophysics.en_US
dc.titleStructure and tectonics of the Sumatra Fault Zone-Sundra Trench junctionen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
thesis.degree.disciplinegeophysicsen_US
thesis.degree.nameM.S.en_US
thesis.degree.levelMastersen_US
dc.type.genrethesis
dc.type.materialtexten_US
dc.format.digitalOriginreformatted digitalen_US


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