Now showing items 1-20 of 6177

    • Self Contained Temperature Actuated Control Valves 

      Pirkle, F. (Energy Systems Laboratory (http://esl.tamu.edu), 1979)
      There is a virtually unlimited potential for energy conservation by utilizing self contained temperature actuated valves. As steam costs soar it becomes more and more important to conserve feed stock dollars as well as the ...
    • Direct Gas Fired Air Heating For 40 to 50% Fuel Savings 

      Searcy, J. A. (Energy Systems Laboratory (http://esl.tamu.edu), 1979)
      Direct gas-fired air heating will save 40 to 50% of the gas which would otherwise be required for industrial space heating. Traditionally, industrial space heating needs have been met by using indirect gas space heaters. ...
    • Condensate Removal by Drain Orifice 

      Guzick, L. L. (Energy Systems Laboratory (http://esl.tamu.edu), 1979)
      Originally the Drain Orifice Assembly was developed to solve serious steam trap maintenance problems in Navy ship's high pressure systems. Installation was between two ANSI B16.5 Flanges. The high pressure systems operate ...
    • Steam and Condensate Systems 

      Yates, W. (Energy Systems Laboratory (http://esl.tamu.edu), 1979)
      In the late 60's and early 70's oil was plentiful and steam was relatively inexpensive. The switch to low sulphur fuel oil and the oil embargo suddenly changed the picture. The cost of steam rose from about $0.50 per 1,000# ...
    • HVAC Energy Recovery Design and Economic Evaluation 

      Kinnier, R. J. (Energy Systems Laboratory (http://esl.tamu.edu), 1979)
      ENRECO has prepared this paper on HVAC energy recovery to provide the engineer with an overview of the design engineering as well as the economic analysis considerations necessary to evaluate the potential benefits of ...
    • Energy Conservation in Industrial Lighting 

      Meharg, E. (Energy Systems Laboratory (http://esl.tamu.edu), 1979)
      In order to reduce energy use in lighting Union Carbide recently issued drastically reduced new lighting level standards. A computerized lighting cost program was also developed. Using this program a number of additional ...
    • Fourteen Points for Energy Conservation in Lighting 

      Zekowski, G. (Energy Systems Laboratory (http://esl.tamu.edu), 1979)
      Today, with spiraling costs, many designers choose lighting by selecting the least expensive components. As the sole design goal, this very often adds up to an expensive lighting system in terms of installed initial cost. ...
    • Energy Conservation Through Industrial Cogeneration Systems 

      Solt, J. C. (Energy Systems Laboratory (http://esl.tamu.edu), 1979)
      This paper traces the development of cogeneration systems in industry, and discusses some early applications. The effect of changing markets and economic conditions is evaluated and specific examples are presented to ...
    • Development, Application and Performance of Venturi Register L. E. A. Burner System for Firing Oil and Gas Fuels 

      Cawte, A. D. (Energy Systems Laboratory (http://esl.tamu.edu), 1979)
      The effect of reducing excess air as a means of curtailing energy waste was recognized in Europe come twenty - five years ago. Research and development work was begun by the British Admiralty and the Associated British ...
    • Maintain Combustion Systems 

      Fletcher, R. J. (Energy Systems Laboratory (http://esl.tamu.edu), 1979)
      Energy is consumed, and wasted, in liberal amounts in the combustion processes which supply heat energy to boilers and process heaters. Close attention to combustion systems can be extremely beneficial: Optimum air to fuel ...
    • Improved Combustion System for Energy Conservation in Industry 

      Thekdi, A. C.; Hemsath, K. H. (Energy Systems Laboratory (http://esl.tamu.edu), 1979)
      U.S. industry consumes approximately 40 percent of all fuel consumed by the nation. The majority of this fuel is used to generate heat for elevating temperatures of materials. The heat is generated by combustion of the ...
    • Improvement of Furnace Efficiencies: Evaluation from Operational Data and Case Histories 

      Crump, J. R.; Prengle, H. W., Jr. (Energy Systems Laboratory (http://esl.tamu.edu), 1979)
      This paper presents methods which can be used to determine heater and boiler performance from operating data. A study is presented delineating the variation of combustion efficiency with load, excess air, and stack and ...
    • A Utility View of Energy Conservation 

      Grant, S. A. (Energy Systems Laboratory (http://esl.tamu.edu), 1979)
      Energy conservation, as viewed by the utility companies, is of real concern due to the energy situation and recent national energy legislation. The conversion programs of the electric utilities, particularly those in the ...
    • The Conservation Alternative 

      Allaire, W. F. (Energy Systems Laboratory (http://esl.tamu.edu), 1979)
      Of all of the issues involved in our national energy dilemma, the matter of conservation of energy has, without a doubt, received major attention. Much has been said on the subject and certainly a great deal has been written ...
    • Using Signature Analysis for Maintenance Planning 

      Babson, P. E. (Energy Systems Laboratory (http://esl.tamu.edu), 1979)
      Operating a plant at off-design conditions can incur many penalties, some immediate, some long range. An immediate penalty could be increased unit energy costs and possibly product quality deterioration. A long-range penalty ...
    • Heat Transfer Characteristics of a Generalized Divided Flow Heat Exchanger 

      Singh, K. P. (Energy Systems Laboratory (http://esl.tamu.edu), 1979)
      The concept of a "Divided-flow" heat exchanger is generalized by locating the shell inlet (or outlet) nozzle off-center such that the two shell sub-streams are unequal and traverse unequal flow paths. The governing equations ...
    • Fuel Cost Savings Through Computer Control of a Boiler Complex - - Two Case Histories 

      Worthley, C. M. (Energy Systems Laboratory (http://esl.tamu.edu), 1979)
      This paper discusses the growing need for energy efficiency in industry and describes a new, packaged approach to fuel optimization through direct digital control and accurate in-stack measurement of combustion products. ...
    • In-Situ Thermal Conductivity Testing Using a Portable Heat Flow Meter 

      Harr, K. S.; Hutto, F. B., Jr. (Energy Systems Laboratory (http://esl.tamu.edu), 1979)
      A method has been developed for measuring heat losses from insulated systems in the field. While the measurements are not as precise as those made under laboratory conditions, they are more indicative of actual in service ...
    • Energy Conservation Through Effective Steam Trapping 

      Diamante, L.; Nagengast, C. (Energy Systems Laboratory (http://esl.tamu.edu), 1979)
      Fuel costs are rapidly escalating. The overall efficiency of any energy utilization must be improved immediately. Steam traps - though a hardware item which received little attention can substantially effect the overall ...
    • Economics of Energy Metering 

      Duncan, J. D. (Energy Systems Laboratory (http://esl.tamu.edu), 1979)
      Over the past 10 years energy costs at Union Carbide's Texas City Plant have risen tremendously. Most of this increase can be related to the rapid escalation in fuel prices. Because of the large cost increases and impact ...