MICROMAGNETIC STUDIES OF THE TRANSITION BETWEEN VORTEX AND SINGLE-DOMAIN STATES IN SUB-100 NM NANODOTS
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Understanding energy barriers involved in nucleating and annihilating magnetic vortices in nanodots is important for magnetic memories and nano-oscillators. We used a “rigid-vortex approximation'' and micromagnetic approach to calculate the total magnetic energy of a nanodot for various magnetic configurations. This was done for 20 nm-thick iron nanodots with different diameters (30, 40, 65, and 80 nm) as a function of applied magnetic field. By analyzing the energy landscape for different magnetic configurations, we calculated the energy barrier for switching from the vortex to the single-domain state (vortex annihilation) and the converse (vortex nucleation). The applied fields required to overcome these two barriers are compared to those obtained from the simulations of the magnetic reversal and to the experimental values.1 The role of the thermal fluctuations in the temperature dependence of these critical fields is analyzed by comparison of the energy barriers with the thermal energy, kBT. Work is supported by Texas A&M University, TAMU-CONACYT Collaborative Research Program. 1. R. K. Dumas, et. al., Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 202501 (2007).
King, Andrew (2012). MICROMAGNETIC STUDIES OF THE TRANSITION BETWEEN VORTEX AND SINGLE-DOMAIN STATES IN SUB-100 NM NANODOTS. Honors and Undergraduate Research. Available electronically from