Studies on Uptake of Thiamin Analogs by a Thiamin Deficient E. coli Mutant Strain
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Thiamin transport in Escherichia coli is a model system to establish the tolerance of derivatives for transport into the cell. Since little is known about what types of thiamin derivatives may be successfully taken into the cell through the transport system, a series of thiamin derivatives are synthesized. A thiamin amino analog is synthesized and tested to determine the use of the analog as an alternate source of thiamin for growth of an E. coli thiamin mutant. Formate, acetate, and benzoate thiamin esters are synthesized and tested as alternate sources for growth of an E. coli thiamin mutant. Thiamin esters or amides may provide a scaffold for attaching other small molecules of interest to be imported into the cell by thiamin transport system. Thiamin containing formate, acetate, and benzoate esters were synthesized and tested as alternative growth source for thiamin using an E. coli mutant strain incapable of synthesizing thiamin. All three synthesized ester thiamin forms gave a zone of growth determined by disk-assay study. Also, an amino thiamin is synthesized to determine uptake through thiamin transport system by growth study using an E. coli mutant incapable of synthesizing thiamin. The growth curves resulting show concentration-dependent growth in the absence of natural thiamin, indicating amino thiamin is taken up by thiamin transport system as an alternate source of thiamin for growth. More characterization of the thiamin transport system is desired in order to develop thiamin conjugates of interest such as a photoaffinity probe for isolating thiamin-utilizing enzymes.
Olivard, Sarah (2012). Studies on Uptake of Thiamin Analogs by a Thiamin Deficient E. coli Mutant Strain. Master's thesis, Texas A&M University. Available electronically from
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