Multi-scale texture analysis of remote sensing images using gabor filter banks and wavelet transforms
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Traditional remote sensing image classification has primarily relied on image spectral information and texture information was ignored or not fully utilized. Existing remote sensing software packages have very limited functionalities with respect to texture information extraction and utilization. This research focuses on the use of multi-scale image texture analysis techniques using Gabor filter banks and Wavelet transformations. Gabor filter banks model texture as irradiance patterns in an image over a limited range of spatial frequencies and orientations. Using Gabor filters, each image texture can be differentiated with respect to its dominant spatial frequency and orientation. Wavelet transformations are useful for decomposition of an image into a set of images based on an orthonormal basis. Dyadic transformations are applied to generate a multi-scale image pyramid which can be used for texture analysis. The analysis of texture is carried out using both artificial textures and remotely sensed image corresponding to natural scenes. This research has shown that texture can be extracted and incorporated in conventional classification algorithms to improve the accuracy of classified results. The applicability of Gabor filter banks and Wavelets is explored for classifying and segmenting remote sensing imagery for geographical applications. A qualitative and quantitative comparison between statistical texture indicators and multi-scale texture indicators has been performed. Multi-scale texture indicators derived from Gabor filter banks have been found to be very effective due to the nature of their configurability to target specific textural frequencies and orientations in an image. Wavelet transformations have been found to be effective tools in image texture analysis as they help identify the ideal scale at which texture indicators need to be measured and reduce the computation time taken to derive statistical texture indicators. A robust set of software tools for texture analysis has been developed using the popular .NET and ArcObjects. ArcObjects has been chosen as the API of choice, as these tools can be seamlessly integrated into ArcGIS. This will aid further exploration of image texture analysis by the remote sensing community.
Gray Level Cooccurrence Matrices
Ravikumar, Rahul (2008). Multi-scale texture analysis of remote sensing images using gabor filter banks and wavelet transforms. Master's thesis, Texas A&M University. Available electronically from