Molecular and Genetic Analysis of Adaptive Evolution in the Rare Serpentine Endemic, Caulanthus amplexicaulis var. barbarae (J. Howell) Munz
MetadataShow full item record
In the interest of understanding the genetic basis of adaption to environment, we developed F2 lines from an F1 interspecific cross between the rare serpentine endemic, Caulanthus amplexicaulis var. barbarae and the non-serpentine Caulanthus amplexicaulis var. amplexicaulis. Using genomic DNA from Caulanthus amplexicaulis var. barbarae, we developed a suite of microsatellite markers. In addition, we developed gene specific markers for genes known in Arabidopsis to be ecologically important. Our suite of markers was used to genotype 186 F2 plants, the basis for our F2 linkage map. In order to further resolve evolutionary relationships among related taxa, we constructed a molecular phylogeny for 52 taxa within the related genera Caulanthus, Guillenia, Sibaropsis, Streptanthella, and Streptanthus, using the sequences from the ribosomal ITS region and two chloroplast regions. To create a useful system to enable comparative genomics within the related taxa of the ecologically and morphologically diverse Streptanthoid Complex, we demonstrated that our molecular tools are portable across a large group of ecologically significant taxa. To use the significant genomic resources available in Arabidopsis, we constructed a collinear comparative map of Caulanthus and the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana based on ancestral linkage blocks with the Brassicaceae family. This comparative map acted as a guide for candidate gene selection in the mapping of sepal color. We identified a region of MYB transcription factors in an orthologous region of Arabidopsis. Sequence data from Caulanthus amplexicaulis var. barbarae and Caulanthus amplexicaulis var. amplexicaulis in this MYB region showed significant sequence divergence between the two taxa. To determine the genetic basis for the tolerance of high concentrations of magnesium in Caulanthus amplexicaulis var. barbarae, we phenotyped multiple individuals from 88 F2:3 families under two nutrient treatments, differing in the ratio of calcium to magnesium. Through QTL analysis, using our F2 linkage map as a framework for the analysis, we identified one major effect QTL on Caulanthus Linkage Group 8 and another QTL on Caulanthus Linkage Group 3. We identified candidate genes for the QTLs using our collinear comparative map to Arabidopsis.
Burrell, Anna Mildred (2010). Molecular and Genetic Analysis of Adaptive Evolution in the Rare Serpentine Endemic, Caulanthus amplexicaulis var. barbarae (J. Howell) Munz. Doctoral dissertation, Texas A&M University. Available electronically from