Analysis of a PML method applied to computation to resonances in open systems and acoustic scattering problems
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We consider computation of resonances in open systems and acoustic scattering problems. These problems are posed on an unbounded domain and domain truncation is required for the numerical computation. In this paper, a perfectly matched layer (PML) technique is proposed for computation of solutions to the unbounded domain problems. For resonance problems, resonance functions are characterized as improper eigenfunction (non-zero solutions of the eigenvalue problem which are not square integrable) of the Helmholtz equation on an unbounded domain. We shall see that the application of the spherical PML converts the resonance problem to a standard eigenvalue problem on the infinite domain. Then, the goal will be to approximate the eigenvalues first by replacing the infinite domain by a finite computational domain with a convenient boundary condition and second by applying finite elements to the truncated problem. As approximation of eigenvalues of problems on a bounded domain is classical , we will focus on the convergence of eigenvalues of the (continuous) PML truncated problem to those of the infinite PML problem. Also, it will be shown that the domain truncation does not produce spurious eigenvalues provided that the size of computational domain is sufficiently large. The spherical PML technique has been successfully applied for approximation of scattered waves . We develop an analysis for the case of a Cartesian PML application to the acoustic scattering problem, i.e., solvability of infinite and truncated Cartesian PML scattering problems and convergence of the truncated Cartesian PML problem to the solution of the original solution in the physical region as the size of computational domain increases.
Kim, Seungil (2009). Analysis of a PML method applied to computation to resonances in open systems and acoustic scattering problems. Doctoral dissertation, Texas A&M University. Available electronically from