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dc.creatorNoel, James Michael
dc.date.accessioned2012-06-07T22:37:46Z
dc.date.available2012-06-07T22:37:46Z
dc.date.created1994
dc.date.issued1994
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1969.1/ETD-TAMU-1994-THESIS-N767
dc.descriptionDue to the character of the original source materials and the nature of batch digitization, quality control issues may be present in this document. Please report any quality issues you encounter to digital@library.tamu.edu, referencing the URI of the item.en
dc.descriptionIncludes bibliographical references.en
dc.description.abstractThe Fischer-Tropsch synthesis (FTS) is used to convert synthesis gas into petroleum products such as gasoline and diesel fuel. It was developed in Germany during WW 11 as an alternative fuel source during the fuel embargo and is still used as a major source of fuel in South Africa. The objective of our work will be to run the reaction in the supercritical region with a hydrocarbon solvent in order to utilize the advantages of supercritical fluids (SCFs). SCFs have the advantages of high diffusivities, low viscosities, and increased mass transfer. Effective pore diffusivities for the reactants and reaction products become important when modeling the reaction. One of the most important factors in determining effective diffusivities is the molecular diffusivity of the organic in the supercritical fluid. However, data for diffusivities in supercritical fluids are scarce. Because diffusion coefficients cannot be determined a priofi, it is necessary to measure them. We have utilized the Taylor dispersion technique to measure the limiting mutual diffusion coefficients of some FTS products, namely 1-octene and 1-tetradecene, in subcritical and supercritical ethane and propane in the temperature range 293.2-338.25 K and the pressure range 55.2-110.3 bar. It has been found that diffusion coefficients are a strong function of the solvent density and the molecular weight and diameter of the solute and solvent. We have correlated the data to predict the diffusion coefficients using the rough-hard-spheres (RHS) theory; however, it has been found that this theory underpredicts the data. Therefore, we have used modifications to the RHS theory of diffusion by Sung and Stell (1984) to better predict the data. These modifications to the RHS theory predict the data we obtained within the experimental limits.en
dc.format.mediumelectronicen
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherTexas A&M University
dc.rightsThis thesis was part of a retrospective digitization project authorized by the Texas A&M University Libraries in 2008. Copyright remains vested with the author(s). It is the user's responsibility to secure permission from the copyright holder(s) for re-use of the work beyond the provision of Fair Use.en
dc.subjectchemical engineering.en
dc.subjectMajor chemical engineering.en
dc.titleThe limiting mutual diffusion coefficients of Fischer-Tropsch synthesis products in near-critical hydrocarbonsen
dc.typeThesisen
thesis.degree.disciplinechemical engineeringen
thesis.degree.nameM.S.en
thesis.degree.levelMastersen
dc.type.genrethesisen
dc.type.materialtexten
dc.format.digitalOriginreformatted digitalen


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