Molecular and biochemical characterization of three lipoxygenases in maize
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Most plant oxylipins, a large class of diverse oxygenated polyunsaturated fatty acids and their derivatives, are produced through the lipoxygenase (LOX) pathway. Recent progress in dicots has highlighted the biological roles of oxylipins in plant defense responses to pathogens and pests. In contrast, the physiological function of LOXs and their metabolites in monocots is poorly understood. We cloned and characterized three maize LOXs ZmLOX10 ZmLOX11 and ZmLOX12. Both ZmLOX10 and ZmLOX11 apeared to be 13-LOX, whereas ZmLOX12 is a unique 9-LOX. Whereas leaf was the preferential site of ZmLOX10 expression, ZmLOX11 was strongly expressed in silks. Induction of these ZmLOX10 and ZmLOX12 by wounding and defense-related compounds suggested their role in plant resistance mechanisms against pests and pathogens. Abscisic acid, however, was the only inducer of ZmLOX11 in leaves. Higher increase in ZmLOX10 transcripts in maize infected by fungus Cochliobolus carbonum implicated this gene in resistance responses to necrotrophic pathogens. In addition, ZmLOX10 was shown to be the first reported LOX to be regulated by a circadian clock. It was found that ZmLOX10 was also inducible by low temperatures. Phenotypical studies of wild type and mutant near isogenic lines showed that expression of ZmLOX12, specific to underground organs, was required for pathogenesis of F. verticillioides on maize mesocotyls.
green leafy volatiles
Nemchenko, Andriy (2006). Molecular and biochemical characterization of three lipoxygenases in maize. Doctoral dissertation, Texas A&M University. Available electronically from