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Conservation of Heat Energy at Hot Petroleum Products Terminals
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Exxon operates several terminals which store asphalt and heavy fuel oil. Due to the rising cost of fuels, Exxon initiated a study to identify economic investments which would reduce the fuel needed to heat these products. First, fuel usage at four terminals was compared. Large variations were noted, even after accounting for different heating requirements. Next, theoretical fuel requirements were calculated. Actual fuel usage was significantly greater than theoretical requirements at all four terminals. Onsite inspections were then conducted. At one terminal, tank insulation was only 40% effective. Replacement of this insulation would reduce fuel usage by 10,000 barrels per year. At a second terminal, an inefficient steam plant consumed 42% of the total fuel used while producing only 13% of the heat. Retirement of this steam plant would save 5,300 barrels of fuel each year. At a third terminal an underutilized steam plant and excess heated transfer lines probably cause 85,000 barrels per year of excess fuel use. To date, investments of $850,000 have been approved for this terminal, with substantially more investment likely.
Powell, J. C.; Graham, R. M. (1981). Conservation of Heat Energy at Hot Petroleum Products Terminals. Energy Systems Laboratory (http://esl.tamu.edu); Texas A&M University (http://www.tamu.edu). Available electronically from