Constant displacement rate experiments and constitutive modeling of asphalt mixtures
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The focus of this dissertation is on constant displacment rate experiments on asphalt concrete and on developing continuum models in a general thermo-mechanical setting which will corroborate with the experimental results. Modeling asphalt concrete and predicting its response is of great importance to the pavement industry. More than 90 percent of the US Highways uses asphalt concrete as a pavement material. Asphalt concrete exhibits nonlinear response even at small strains and the response of asphalt concrete to different types of loading is quite different. The properties of asphalt concrete are highly inﬂuenced by the type and amount of the aggregates and the asphalt used. The internal structure of asphalt concrete keeps on evolving during the loading process. This is due to the inﬂuence of different kinds of activities at the microlevel and also due to the interaction with the environment. The properties of asphalt concrete depend on its internal structure. Hence we need to take the evolution of the internal structure in modeling the response of asphalt concrete. Experiments were carried out at different conﬁnement pressures and displacement rates on cylindrical samples of asphalt concrete. Two different aggregates were used to make the sample -limestone and granite. The samples were tested at a constant displacement rate at a given conﬁnement pressure. The force required to maintain this constant displacement rate is measured and recorded. The frame-work has been developed using the idea of multiple natural conﬁgurations that was introduced recently to study a variety of non-linear dissipative response of materials. By specifying the forms of the stored energy and rate of dissipation function of the material, speciﬁc models were developed using this frame work. In this work both a compressible and an incompressible model were developed by choosing appropriate forms of stored energy and rate of dissipation function. Finally the veracity of the models were tested by corroborating with the experimental results. It is anticipated that the present work will aid in the development of better constitutive equations which in turn will accurately model asphalt concrete in laboratory and in ﬁeld.
Constant Displacment rate experiment
Hariharakumar, Pradeep (2004). Constant displacement rate experiments and constitutive modeling of asphalt mixtures. Doctoral dissertation, Texas A&M University. Texas A&M University. Available electronically from