Methodology and Tools for Field Testing of Synchrophasor Systems
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The electrical power grid, as one of today’s most critical infrastructures, requires constant monitoring by operators to be aware of and react to any threats to the system’s condition. With control centers typically located far away from substations and other physical grid equipment, field measurement data forms the basis for a vast majority of control decisions in power system operation. For that reason, it is imperative to ensure the highest level of data integrity as erroneous data may lead to inappropriate control actions with potentially devastating consequences. Performance of one of the most advanced monitoring systems, the synchrophasor system, is the focus of this thesis. This research will look at testing techniques used for performance assessment of synchrophasor system performance in the field. Existing methods will be reviewed and evaluated for deficiencies in capturing system performance regarding data quality. The focus of this work will be on improving synchrophasor data quality, by introducing new testing methodology that utilizes a nested testing approach for end-to-end testing in the field using a portable test set and associated software tools. The capability of such methods and these tools to fully characterize and evaluate the performance of synchrophasor systems in the field will be validated through implementation in a large-scale testbed. The purpose of this research is to specify, develop and implement a methodology and associated tools for field-testing of synchrophasor systems. To this day, there is no dedicated standard for field-testing of synchrophasor systems. This resulted in an inability to define widely accepted procedures to detect deterioration of system performance due to poor data quality and caused communication failures, unacceptable device and subsystem accuracy, or loss of calibration. This work will demonstrate how the new approach addresses the mentioned performance assessment gap. The feasibility of implementation of the proposed test procedures will be demonstrated using different test system configurations available in a large-scale testbed. The proposed method is fully leveraging the benefits of a portable device specifically developed for field-testing, which may be used for improvement of commissioning, maintenance and troubleshooting tests for existing installations. Use Cases resulting from this work will illustrate the practical benefits of the proposed methodology and associated tools.
Seidl, Christoph (2019). Methodology and Tools for Field Testing of Synchrophasor Systems. Master's thesis, Texas A&M University. Available electronically from