The History of Galveston's Concrete Ships
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Selma is one of three World War I concrete shipwrecks in the Galveston area. While the other two are not identified, one of them is likely the Durham. This research explores how and why these ships ended their service here, and looks at the different methods used for the creation of early concrete ships and the differences in their performance. Selma, one of twelve Emergency Fleet Corporation ships, had a much different design than Durham, but both of the ships were out of use quickly after launch. Selma ran aground and damaged its bow; it was subsequently taken to Galveston for repairs that never occurred. Durham proved to be a very poor sailor, but remained afloat for many more years before becoming a fishing pier in Galveston. Both of these ships have histories of re-use that last beyond their abandonment. This research focuses on the history and construction of Selma and Durham. The text discusses the developments that lead to the development of these ships and how they fared after construction. Additionally, visual survey of how the condition of Selma has changed over time is included.
Rowland, Dorothy Anne (2018). The History of Galveston's Concrete Ships. Master's thesis, Texas A & M University. Available electronically from