Best Effort Minimal Routing for Fly-Over: A Light Weight Distributed Mechanism for Energy Efficient Network-On-Chip
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Scalable Networks-on-Chip (NoCs) have become the de facto interconnection mechanism in large scale Chip Multiprocessors. NoCs devour a large fraction of the on-chip power budget of which static NoC power consumption is becoming the dominant component as technology scales down. Hence, reducing static NoC power consumption is critical for energy-efficient computing. Previous research suggests power-gating routers attached to inactive cores so as to save static power, but requires centralized control and global network knowledge. Moreover, packet deliveries in irregular power-gated network suffer from detour or waiting time overhead to either route around or wake up off routers. Fly-Over (FLOV) is a distributed power-gating mechanism to minimize static power consumption in NoCs without the need for global network information. However, the existing FLOV routing algorithm introduces unnecessary detours and pressurizes the routers in AON column resulting in high packet latencies and network congestion. This work proposes FLOV+, Best-Effort Minimal Routing Algorithm for Fly-Over (FLOV) to route the packets using the shortest path in an irregular power-gated network and also relieve the stress on the AON column. This routing algorithm aims to minimize the average packet latency and to sustain throughput in network with power-gated routers. Synthetic workload evaluations show that the proposed algorithm reduces average packet latency upto 9.84% in an 8-dimensional mesh network. Simulation results also show 50% and 40% improvement in the network throughput for restricted FLOV and generalized FLOV power gating mechanisms respectively.
Bhosekar, Shilpa (2018). Best Effort Minimal Routing for Fly-Over: A Light Weight Distributed Mechanism for Energy Efficient Network-On-Chip. Master's thesis, Texas A & M University. Available electronically from