Centrifugal Compressor Applications - Upstream And Midstream.
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Centrifugal compressors are used in a large number of different compression application. This tutorial addresses applications for centrifugal compressors in the upstream and midstream sector, such as LNG compression, refrigeration, pipeline compression, compression for gas injection, gas lift, gas gathering, export compression, air compression, and others. The focus is on the specific compressor requirements for these upstream and midstream applications, not only regarding the design of the compressors, but also its performance characteristics and control requirements. Specific challenges from different process gases are addressed. To understand the interaction of the compressor with the system different control mechanisms (speed, variable vanes, recycle, throttling) are explained, as well as the requirements for antisurge control.
Rasmussen, Peter C.; Kurz, Rainer (2009). Centrifugal Compressor Applications - Upstream And Midstream.. Texas A&M University. Turbomachinery Laboratories. Available electronically from