|dc.description.abstract||Through this work, Narrar el exilio (Re-configuración del sujeto exiliado en la literatura cubana post-Mariel), I analyze essentially the very complex phenomenon of the transfer of the experience of exile to the contemporary novelistic universe, through the narrative works of five Cuban writers, that began in some cases to publish books from the Decade of 1960 and some still publishing or writing today. They are Reinaldo Arenas (1943-1990), Guillermo Rosales (1946-1993), Carlos Victoria (1950-2007), Antonio José Ponte (1964) and Pedro Juan Gutierrez (1950).
One of the central purposes of this dissertation is to investigate the vision these authors have of both political exile and other types of displacement –as transformation of the cultural centrality of the nation that has been left behind– for reasons ranging from the economic to the cultural, as well as the trace that can verified in their works. We cannot ignore that they suffered in their flesh the rigors of political exile from which their books outline somehow the route of such marginalization at the hands of the totalitarian State.
All of them are writers directly related to the central theme of this work, which has been one of the constants in the political and social scene of Latin America, especially since the 19th Century and continuing today. These Cuban writers, perhaps some more well-known than others, are all of great importance for the history of literature written in Spanish. At the same time, my goal is to examine how these works are a reflection of an existence marked and conditioned by the rigors of exile and how much revealed in them the everlasting contrast between literature and history.||en