Simulation of Creep in Micron Scale Crystalline Materials for High Temperature Thermal Protection Systems
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The use of thermal barrier coatings over the past few decades has signiﬁcantly improved the performance of gas turbine engines by reducing the operating temper-ature of engine components. However, these multilayer systems are not able to be used to their full potential due to the diﬃculty of accurately modeling the complex interplay of physical phenomena, such as creep and oxidation, that contribute to failure. In order to address this issue, more physics-based failure prediction models need to be developed. One potential way to do this is through the use of dislocation dynamics (DD) models. A DD framework was recently developed which incorporates high temperature eﬀects such as vacancy diﬀusion assisted dislocation climb in ad-dition to dislocation glide. However, the eﬀects of certain parameters on simulations of dislocation creep had been unexplored. In particular, the eﬀect of the distance required for a dislocation to climb to a new slip plane, the critical climb distance, was not evaluated and the vacancy relaxation volume was set at zero, negating its eﬀect on the calculation of vacancy diﬀusion. The present work aims to address this by studying the eﬀect of the critical climb distance and the vacancy relaxation volume on the creep response of micron scale single crystals. The critical climb distance was found to have an approximately inversely proportional eﬀect on the steady state creep rate, but did not aﬀect the stress dependence of the creep rate, while the use of a nonzero vacancy relaxation volume was found to have a slight eﬀect on both the steady state creep rate and the stress dependence of the creep rate. Furthermore, the use of a nonzero vacancy relaxation volume introduced the eﬀect of the pressure gradient into the vacancy diﬀusion simulation.
Greer, Christopher Alden (2016). Simulation of Creep in Micron Scale Crystalline Materials for High Temperature Thermal Protection Systems. Master's thesis, Texas A & M University. Available electronically from