|dc.description.abstract||Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provides high spatial resolution, high-quality of soft-tissue contrast, and multi-dimensional images. However, the speed of data acquisition limits potential applications. Compressed sensing (CS) theory allowing data being sampled at sub-Nyquist rate provides a possibility to accelerate the MRI scan time. Since most MRI scanners are currently equipped with multi-channel receiver systems, integrating CS with multi-channel systems can further shorten the scan time and also provide a better image quality. In this dissertation, we develop several techniques for integrating CS with parallel MRI.
First, we propose a method which extends the reweighted l1 minimization to the CS-MRI with multi-channel data. The individual channel images are recovered according to the reweighted l1 minimization algorithm. Then, the final image is combined by the sum-of-squares method. Computer simulations show that the new method can improve the reconstruction quality at a slightly increased computation cost.
Second, we propose a reconstruction approach using the ubiquitously available multi-core CPU to accelerate CS reconstructions of multiple channel data. CS reconstructions for phase array system using iterative l1 minimization are significantly time-consuming, where the computation complexity scales with the number of channels. The experimental results show that the reconstruction efficiency benefits significantly from parallelizing the CS reconstructions, and pipelining multi-channel data on multi-core processors. In our experiments, an additional speedup factor of 1.6 to 2.0 was achieved using the proposed method on a quad-core CPU.
Finally, we present an efficient reconstruction method for high-dimensional CS MRI with a GPU platform to shorten the time of iterative computations. Data managements as well as the iterative algorithm are properly designed to meet the way of SIMD (single instruction/multiple data) parallelizations. For three-dimension multi-channel data, all slices along frequency encoding direction and multiple channels are highly parallelized and simultaneously processed within GPU. Generally, the runtime on GPU only requires 2.3 seconds for reconstructing a simulated 4-channel data with a volume size of 256×256×32. Comparing to 67 seconds using CPU, it achieves 28 faster with the proposed method. The rapid reconstruction algorithms demonstrated in this work are expected to help bring high dimensional, multichannel parallel CS MRI closer to clinical applications.||en