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dc.contributor.advisorAdams, Marvin L
dc.contributor.advisorMorel, Jim E
dc.creatorTill, Andrew
dc.date.accessioned2016-05-04T13:20:46Z
dc.date.available2016-05-04T13:20:46Z
dc.date.created2015-12
dc.date.issued2015-12-01
dc.date.submittedDecember 2015
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1969.1/156427
dc.description.abstractThe standard multigroup (MG) method for energy discretization of the transport equation can be sensitive to approximations in the weighting spectrum chosen for cross-section averaging. As a result, MG often inaccurately treats important phe-nomena such as self-shielding variations across a fuel pin. From a finite-element viewpoint, MG uses a single fixed basis function (the pre-selected spectrum) within each group, with no mechanism to adapt to local solution behavior. In this work, we introduce the Finite-Element-with-Discontiguous-Support (FEDS) method, an extension of the previously introduced Petrov-Galerkin Finite-Element Multigroup (PG-FEMG) method, itself a generalization of the MG method. Like PG-FEMG, in FEDS, the only approximation is that the angular flux is a linear combination of basis functions. The coefficients in this combination are the unknowns. A basis function is non-zero only in the discontiguous set of energy intervals associated with its energy element. Discontiguous energy elements are generalizations of bands in-troduced in PG-FEMG and are determined by minimizing a norm of the difference between sample spectra and our finite-element space. We present the theory of the FEDS method, including the definition of the discontiguous energy mesh, definition of the finite element space, derivation of the FEDS transport equation and cross sections, definition of the minimization problem, and derivation of a useable form of the minimization problem that can be solved to determine the energy mesh. FEDS generates cross sections that ordinary MG codes can use without modification, pro-vided those codes can handle upscattering, allowing FEDS answers from existing MG codes. FEDS requires that the energy domain is divided into elements, each in general a collection of discontiguous energy intervals. FEDS solves a minimization problem to find the optimal grouping, in a certain sense, of hyperfine intervals into its elements. It generates accurate, convergent discretizations without need for accurate reference solutions. We show convergence in energy as energy elements are added for several types of problems, beginning with cylindrical pincell problems. Convergence is ob-tained for a variety of basis functions ranging from simple (1/E) to more complicated (space-angle-averaged reference spectra), demonstrating robustness of the method. We investigate four sets of problems. We first investigate the same pincell prob-lems used when testing the PG-FEMG method. We use lessons learned from these pincell calculations to inform our implementation of the FEDS method on an energy-generalized version of the C5 problem, which we call the C5G∞ problem. We then ap-ply FEDS to time-dependent neutronics problems, where correctly capturing stream-ing times in a time-of-flight problem becomes important. Finally, we compare the FEDS method to continuous-energy Monte Carlo one-dimensional slab pincell prob-lem. We find FEDS to be superior in efficiency and accuracy to MG with the same weighting functions and number of energy unknowns. Whereas MG requires un-known counts commensurate with the number of resonances to be convergent, we find FEDS converges in energy even at low numbers of energy unknowns.en
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen
dc.subjectMultigroup (MG)en
dc.subjectSubgroup (SG)en
dc.subjectMultiband (MB)en
dc.subjectEnergy Discretizationen
dc.subjectFinite Element (FE)en
dc.subjectNeutron Transporten
dc.titleFinite Elements with Discontiguous Support for Energy Discretization in Particle Transporten
dc.typeThesisen
thesis.degree.departmentNuclear Engineeringen
thesis.degree.disciplineNuclear Engineeringen
thesis.degree.grantorTexas A & M Universityen
thesis.degree.nameDoctor of Philosophyen
thesis.degree.levelDoctoralen
dc.contributor.committeeMemberRagusa, Jean C
dc.contributor.committeeMemberGuermond, Jean-Luc
dc.contributor.committeeMemberBaker, Randal S
dc.type.materialtexten
dc.date.updated2016-05-04T13:20:46Z
local.etdauthor.orcid0000-0002-9063-5629


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