|dc.description.abstract||Solid-state technologies for quantum mechanical application require delicate materials that can operate stably with a long coherence time. Nitrogen vacancy (NV) centers in diamond is one of the most promising candidates for quantum physics, with applications such as single photon emitters, quantum computation, and magnetic sensor.
To fully exploit the capability of defect centers in diamond for opto-electronics and quantum engineering, a number of improvements are needed. Among these are optimization of the NV centers yield in bulk diamond, nanodiamond (ND) size reduction, photocurrent study of the defect band-trap electronic structure in diamonds, and optimization of high-speed NV qubit control. For NV centers yield optimization, both the experimental magnetic sensitivity optimization as well as theoretical simulation of NV concentration are implemented. For NDs size characterization, we analyzed the size and photon autocorrelation function of NV in NDs after air oxidation treatment using a combined atomic force microscopy/confocal system. To study defect band-trap electronic structure in diamond, excitation and quenching as well as the recovery of the quenched photocurrent was investigated to better understand photocurrent dynamics in diamond. For qubit high-speed control optimization, a microwave pulse based on a nonlinear numeric solution of the Schrodinger equation is used to rotate the NV spin faster than the ordinary Rabi flip rate. Together these approaches promise to significantly speed up the development of diamond for quantum engineering applications.||en