Quantum Coherence and Superradiant Emission: From Lasing Without Inversion to Sky Laser and the QASER
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This work is focused on quantum coherence and superradiant emission in a dense pencil-like multi-level medium where many novel effects appear such as transient lasing without inversion, coherence-brightened sky laser, and quantum amplification by superradiant emission of radiation. We start from an interesting cascade model where quantum coherence effects can lead to surprising phenomena, gain without population inversion and gain suppression, under different parameters. We further show superradiant emission inside helium plasma. The population evolution shows the decay is significantly faster than collisional decoherence and spontaneous decay rates. This indicates superradiant coherent behavior of the atomic system inside the plasma. Based on these results, we demonstrate lasing without inversion on a time scale shorter than the decoherence time. The possibility of transient lasing without inversion holds promise for lasing in the extreme-ultraviolet/x-ray regime. We propose experiments to demonstrate this in helium or helium-like ions plasma. We also study coherent emission from ambient air and demonstrate efficient generation of laser-like beams directed both forward and backward with respect to a nanosecond ultraviolet pumping laser beam. The emission process exhibits nonadiabatic quantum coherence, which is similar in nature to Dicke superradiance. This coherence-brightened backward light source in air provides possibility for atmospheric remote sensing through a phase-matched coherent Raman scattering process. Finally, we present a new kind of quantum amplifier, the QASER (quantum amplification by superradiant emission of radiation), based on collective superradiant emission which does not require initial population in the excited state. We show that parametric resonance between the driving field and collective superradiant oscillations of the atomic polarization can yield light amplification at high frequencies. The resulting superradiant amplifier is many orders of magnitude more efficient than nonlinear multiphoton excitation and holds promise as a new way to generate high-frequency coherent radiation.
Yuan, Luqi (2014). Quantum Coherence and Superradiant Emission: From Lasing Without Inversion to Sky Laser and the QASER. Doctoral dissertation, Texas A & M University. Available electronically from