Global Supply Chain Analysis of U.S. Lamb Promotion
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The United States sheep industry has suffered an almost constant decline in sheep and lamb inventories; a record of 56 million head in the early 1940s to only 5.54 million head in 2011. The steady decline of the industry can be attributed to a confluence of many factors, amongst which is the discontinuation of the U.S. Wool Incentive payment program. With the discontinuation of the program in 1996/97, an unsuccessful effort was made to pass a mandatory checkoff program through a producer referendum. Six years later, in 2002, to enhance the demand for lamb, the Lamb Promotion, Research, and Information Order, better known as the American Lamb Checkoff Program, was established under the Commodity Promotion, Research and Information Act of 1996. The main objective of this research was to measure the effectiveness of the Lamb Checkoff Program by determining the extent to which the program has been able to shift out the demand for U.S. lamb and how much of the promotion benefit, if any, has been transmitted back through the supply chain to the different stakeholders of the lamb industry. This research investigated questions dealing with the demand, supply and trade of sheep and lamb through the global supply chain. This analysis used a seventy equation, non-spatial price equilibrium model to estimate the parameters of interest using the OLS method of estimation. After estimating the parameters, a simulation model was conducted over the sample period (1987 - 2011) as a means of validating the model. After validating the model using some within sample simulation statistics, the “with” and “without” lamb checkoff expenditure scenarios were developed to measure the effects and benefits of the program. The results of this study clearly indicated that not only did the lamb checkoff program increase the demand for lamb, the program tended to lift the entire supply chain in the process with every stakeholder group benefitting from it.
global supply chain
American Lamb Board
benefit cost analysis.
Ghosh, Somali (2014). Global Supply Chain Analysis of U.S. Lamb Promotion. Doctoral dissertation, Texas A & M University. Available electronically from