Genetic Pore Types and Their Relationship to Reservoir Quality: Canyon Formation (Pennsylvanian), Diamond M Field, Scurry County, Texas
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Carbonate reservoirs may have a variety of porosity types created by depositional, diagenetic, and fracture processes. This leads to the formation of complex pore systems, and in turn creates heterogeneities in reservoir performance and quality. In carbonate reservoirs affected by diagenesis and fracturing, porosity and peremeability can be independent of depositional facies or formation boundaries; consequently, conventional reservoir characterization methods are unreliable for predicting reservoir flow characteristics. This thesis provides an integrated petrographic, stratigraphic, and petrophysical study of the 'Canyon Reef' reservoir, a Pennsylvanian phylloid algal mound complex in the Horseshoe atoll. Core descriptions on three full-diameter cores led to the identification of 5 distinct depositional facies based on fundamental rock properties and biota. Fifty-four thin sections taken from the core were described are pores were classified using the Humbolt modification of the Ahr porosity classification. In order to rank reservoir quality, flow units were established on the basis of combined porosity and permeability values from core analysis. A cut off criterion for porosity and permeability was established to separate good and poor flow units. Ultimately cross sections were created to show the spatial distribution of flow units in the field.
Barry, Travis (2011). Genetic Pore Types and Their Relationship to Reservoir Quality: Canyon Formation (Pennsylvanian), Diamond M Field, Scurry County, Texas. Master's thesis, Texas A&M University. Available electronically from