Ion Crystals Produced by Laser and Sympathetic Cooling in a Linear RF Ion Trap
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A detailed investigation of ion crystals produced by laser and sympathetic cooling in a linear RF trap has been conducted. The laser cooling methods were examined and applied to the trapped ^24Mg^(positive) ions. The crystals produced by the laser cooling were studied, including the dependence on RF voltage, end cap DC voltage, laser power and laser frequency. By manipulating the different RF voltages and endcap DC voltages, the structure phase transition of the ion crystals was observed. In addition, the sympathetic cooling of different ion species with the laser cooled 24Mg^(positive) was carried out. In this process, the mixed Mg^(positive) and He^(positive) crystals were created andidentified, and mixed Mg^(positive) and H2^(positive) crystals were produced. The effect of an unwanted chemical reaction of Mg^(positive) and H2 was observed and minimized. After sympathetic cooling of light ion species, the sympathetic cooling of heavy molecular ions such as fullerene ions was also carried out. The efficiencies and final temperature in both cases are very different. Theoretically to interpret the results, molecular dynamics simulations of the laser cooling and sympathetic cooling were implemented. And the simulations were compared with the experimental results. In the process of carrying out this research, the optics were rebuilt to provide reliable UV sources for the photoionization and laser cooling of Mg ions. The imaging system was reconfigured to take the images of ion crystals. New elements were added tin the ion trap to improve the ability to manipulate ions.
Zhu, Feng (2010). Ion Crystals Produced by Laser and Sympathetic Cooling in a Linear RF Ion Trap. Doctoral dissertation, Texas A&M University. Available electronically from