Dynamic Phase Filtering with Integrated Optical Ring Resonators
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Coherent optical signal processing systems typically require dynamic, low-loss phase changes of an optical signal. Waveform generation employing phase modulation is an important application area. In particular, laser radar systems have been shown to perform better with non-linear frequency chirps. This work shows how dynamically tunable integrated optical ring resonators are able to produce such phase changes to a signal in an effective manner and offer new possibilities for the detection of phase-modulated optical signals. When designing and fabricating dynamically tunable integrated optical ring resonators for any application, system level requirements must be taken into account. For frequency chirped laser radar systems, the primary system level requirements are good long range performance and fine range resolution. These mainly depend on the first sidelobe level and mainlobe width of the autocorrelation of the chirp. Through simulation, the sidelobe level and mainlobe width of the autocorrelation of the non-linear frequency modulated chirp generated by a series of integrated optical ring resonators is shown to be significantly lower than the well-known tangent-FM chirp. Proof-of-concept experimentation is also important to verify simulation assumptions. A proof-of-concept experiment employing thermally tunable Silicon-Nitride integrated optical ring resonators is shown to generate non-linear frequency modulated chirp waveforms with peak instantaneous frequencies of 28 kHz. Besides laser radar waveform generation, three other system level applications of dynamically tunable integrated optical ring resonators are explored in this work. A series of dynamically tunable integrated optical ring resonators is shown to produce constant dispersion which can then help extract complex spectral information. Broadband photonic RF phase shifting for beam steering of a phased array antenna is also shown using dynamically tunable integrated optical ring resonators. Finally all-optical pulse compression for laser radar using dynamically tunable integrated optical ring resonators is shown through simulation and proof-of-concept experimentation.
Adams, Donald Benjamin (2010). Dynamic Phase Filtering with Integrated Optical Ring Resonators. Doctoral dissertation, Texas A&M University. Available electronically from