Principal Components Analysis for Binary Data
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Principal components analysis (PCA) has been widely used as a statistical tool for the dimension reduction of multivariate data in various application areas and extensively studied in the long history of statistics. One of the limitations of PCA machinery is that PCA can be applied only to the continuous type variables. Recent advances of information technology in various applied areas have created numerous large diverse data sets with a high dimensional feature space, including high dimensional binary data. In spite of such great demands, only a few methodologies tailored to such binary dataset have been suggested. The methodologies we developed are the model-based approach for generalization to binary data. We developed a statistical model for binary PCA and proposed two stable estimation procedures using MM algorithm and variational method. By considering the regularization technique, the selection of important variables is automatically achieved. We also proposed an efficient algorithm for model selection including the choice of the number of principal components and regularization parameter in this study.
Lee, Seokho (2009). Principal Components Analysis for Binary Data. Doctoral dissertation, Texas A&M University. Available electronically from