Beer powered bicycle: narrative ethnography and print representations of punk/hardcore culture
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A "zine" is not considered an abbreviated form of magazine. Instead it is a separate category of publication based around the non-profit and non-professional nature of its authors and producers. Zines regularly address issues absent from mainstream media sources. I examined zines from the punk/hardcore genre and focuses on the language and style used within the zines and how individual authors create identity and separate from mass media and culture. Each person who makes a zine becomes an active part of what it means to be punk. With phrases such as "Resistance is you" and "If you don't speak out who will speak for you?" involvement in punk/hardcore subculture is further made personal and individual by the creation, distribution and consuming of zines. I examined zines from two centers of punk/hardcore activity in the U.S., Portland, Oregon and Austin, Texas. I also conducted ethnographic fieldwork in these to areas recording and experiencing the people and culture producing punk/hardcore zines. This interdisciplinary research draws from the fields of sociology, anthropology, linguistics and cultural studies. As a participant observer, I took an ethnographic approach to analyzing the textual materials of punk/hardcore culture. I attempted to address ethical issues concerning authorship, relations between the researched and the researcher and complex relationship between different representation voices within the punk and zine community.
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Includes bibliographical references (leaf 45).
Stanbro, Stephanie M (2000). Beer powered bicycle: narrative ethnography and print representations of punk/hardcore culture. Texas A&M University. Available electronically from