The stability of enrofloxacin
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Enrofloxacin is an antimicrobial drug approved for veterinary use only. Enrofloxacin is administered orally or parentally. Veterinarians may dilute the drug for injection or topical use in a commercial physiological solution. The injectable commercially used Enrofloxacin, Baytril, is sometimes too strong, causing vomiting, and much smaller concentrations are effective topically. It is hypothesized that the dilution of enrofloxacin in some commercially used solutions will not affect the drug s efficacy. The purpose of my study was to test the aforestated hypothesis. In the experiment, stock solutions of enrofloxacin in physiological saline solution, dextrose 5% in water, lactated Ringer s solution, Epi-otic solution, and vinegar. E.coli 2592-2 (standardized solution in saline) was the microorganism chosen to be tested because it is know to be susceptible to enrofloxacin. At time 0, 1 day, and 7 days and temperatures of 25₉C and 4₉C, decreasing tube dilutions of each stock solution and a standard enrofloxacin solution (control) were made using Mueller-Hinton broth. Each dilution of the enrofloxacin solution and an equal amount of bacterial solution were combined and incubated for 24hours. The resulting growth was read using ultraviolet spectrophotometry and the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of enrofloxacin in each solutionwas determined and compared to the control. Results showed that the MIC s at time 0 were: control-8mg/ml, saline 0.25mg/ml, dextrose-4mg/ml, ringer-1mg/ml, epi-otic-4mg/ml, and vinegar-2mg/ml. The results for both temperatures at 1day followed the same pattern. At 7 days, crystals of enrofloxacin were observed in all solutions at both temperatures, hence these solutions were not tested by tube dilution. Therefore, it can be concluded that because the commercial solutions caused a decrease in MIC, they all appear to increase rather than decrease the efficacy of enrofloxacin. The experiment shows that some physiological solutions cal alter the efficacy of enrofloxacin when the two are combined for clinical use, but this alteration is favorable.
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Includes bibliographical references.
Dodge, Meagan A (1998). The stability of enrofloxacin. Texas A&M University. Available electronically from