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National Energy Efficiency and Conservation Policies and Programs in Developed Countries and Middle East
The world's economies should endeavour to ultimately reduce their energy consumption, rather than simply adjusting or optimizing their energy utilisation. The implementation of intelligent strategies, designed to manage human activities which are highly dependent on energy, should be the preferred solution to develop and achieve a sustainable and secure economy. This paper describes policies for energy conservation adopted by developed industrialized countries such as Japan, Germany, France, Britain and the US, as well as developing countries in the Middle East such as Qatar, Kuwait, Syria and the United Arab Emirates. The aim of this document will be to identify and clarify the major factors that drive the creation and implementation of energy policies, as well as the strength and weakness of each of the adopted strategies of energy conservation, including the associated risks and opportunities. The conclusion of this study will offer recommendations for the most suitable framework for determining the best practices to develop sustainable societies in Middle East region, which in turn will equip these countries to respond more efficiently to the implementation of the latest international standards, which are mandatory in order to succeed in the global business field.
Tyrer, C. F. (2010). National Energy Efficiency and Conservation Policies and Programs in Developed Countries and Middle East. Energy Systems Laboratory (http://esl.tamu.edu); Texas A&M University (http://www.tamu.edu). Available electronically from