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Energy Conservation and Waste Reduction in the Metal Fabrication Industry
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Reductions of energy use and waste generation can help manufacturers to be more profitable and more environmentally acceptable. Industrial Assessment Centers located at universities throughout the United States, funded by the U.S. Department of Energy and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, are conducting combined energy and waste assessments for small and medium-size manufacturers. The Industrial Technology and Energy Management (ITEM) division of University City Science Center is field manager for the western region of the Industrial Assessment Center program. These case studies present results from three assessments of manufacturing plants in the metal fabrication industry. Primary processing operations include machining, painting, plating, and assembly. Energy conservation opportunities chiefly involved motor systems, compressed air systems, and heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning systems. Typically, pollution prevention opportunities involved the painting lines. For each of the three plants studied, processes are described; the specific energy conserving and waste-reducing measures are identified; the energy savings and waste reductions are quantified; and financial analyses are presented, including cost savings and paybacks. In addition, actual implementation results reported by the manufacturers are provided.
SubjectEnergy and Waste Assessments
Industrial Technology and Energy Management (ITEM)
Metal Fabrication Industry
Kirk, M. C. Jr.; Looby, G. P. (1996). Energy Conservation and Waste Reduction in the Metal Fabrication Industry. Energy Systems Laboratory (http://esl.tamu.edu). Available electronically from