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dc.creatorKangas, M. Y. O.
dc.date.accessioned2010-07-15T17:22:39Z
dc.date.available2010-07-15T17:22:39Z
dc.date.issued1997-04
dc.identifier.otherESL-IE-97-04-46
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1969.1/91259
dc.description.abstractThe capital requirement in Pulp and Paper Industry projects is enormous, a new pulp mill will cost about $1 Billion Dollars. The international competition is getting stronger as countries like Indonesia, Brazil, etc., build their own industry. In addition to being highly competitive from any cost point of view, the companies in these countries are considering to separate their power islands to third party owned independent utilities to save capital for important process investments. The new utilities will naturally have access to the lowest cost of international financing. However, there can be a small penalty in power price depending on the case. The strongest companies can choose their actions but others should seriously consider catching up with this trend to survive as independents. This presentation identifies the key issues during such decisions.en
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.publisherEnergy Systems Laboratory (http://esl.tamu.edu)en
dc.subjectIndependently Owned Utilitiesen
dc.titleRoad Map to Capitalization of Power Generating Facilitiesen
dc.typePresentationen


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