Development of Models for Series and Parallel Fan Variable Air Volume Terminal Units
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Empirical models of airflow output and power consumption were developed for series and parallel fan powered variable air volume terminal units at typical design pressure conditions. A testing procedure and experimental setup were developed to test sets of terminal units from three different manufacturers. Each set consisted of two series and two parallel units, each with 8 in. (203 mm) and 12 in. (304 mm) primary air inlets, for a total of four units in each set. Generalized models were developed for the series and parallel units, with coefficients varying by size and manufacturer. Statistical modeling utilized SAS software (2002). Fan power and airflow data were collected at downstream static pressures over a range from 0.1 to 0.5 in. w.g. (25 to 125 Pa) for the parallel terminal units. Downstream static pressure was held constant at 0.25 in. w.g. (62 Pa) for the series units. Upstream static pressures of all variable air volume (VAV) terminal units ranged from 0.1 to 2.0 in. w.g. (25 to 498 Pa). Data were collected at four different primary air damper positions. Data were also collected at four different terminal unit fan speeds, controlled by a silicon controlled rectifier (SCR). The models utilized the RMS voltage entering the terminal unit fan, the 'rake' sensor velocity pressure, and the downstream static pressure. In addition to the terminal unit airflow and power models, a model was developed to quantify air leakage in parallel terminal units, when the unit fan was off. In all but two of the VAV terminal units, the resulting models of airflow and power had R2 values greater than 0.90. In the two exceptions, there appeared to be manufacturing defects: either excessive air leakage or a faulty SCR that limited the effectiveness of the airflow and power models to capture the variation in the data.
Furr, James C., Jr (2003). Development of Models for Series and Parallel Fan Variable Air Volume Terminal Units. Master's thesis, Texas A&M University. Texas A&M University. Available electronically from