3D characterization of acidized fracture surfaces
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The complex interrelations among the different physical processes involved in acid fracturing make it difficult to design, and later, to predict the outcome of stimulation jobs. Actual tendencies require the use of computational models to deal with the dynamic interaction of variables. This thesis presents a new study of acidized surface textures by means of a laser profilometer to improve our understanding of the remaining etched surface topography and its hydraulic response. Visualization plots generated by the profilometer identified hydrodynamic channels that could not be identified by the naked eye in acidized surfaces. The plots clarified the existence of rock heterogeneities and revealed how the processes of dissolution function in chalk rock. Experimental data showed clearly that the effect of dissolution depends on the type of rock and the fluid system; dolomite, for example, dissolves more rapidly but more roughly than limestone. Fluid leakoff rate and temperature also affect the dissolution. Further research is necessary to clarify the effects of conductivity.
Malagon Nieto, Camilo (2003). 3D characterization of acidized fracture surfaces. Master's thesis, Texas A&M University. Texas A&M University. Available electronically from