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Opportunities for Energy Efficiency and Demand Response in Corrugated Cardboard Manufacturing Facilities
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Corrugated cardboard manufacturing is an energy intensive process, in both electric power and steam. Based on the US Census Bureau, there are approximately 1,733 corrugated and solid fiber box manufacturing facilities in the United States. The corrugated and solid fiber box manufacturing enjoyed a growth in number of plants of 4.9% between 1992 and 1997 (U.S. Census, 1997). In this paper, details of the processes in corrugated cardboard production from an energy consumption viewpoint will be discussed, current prevalent practices in the industry will be elaborated and potential measures for energy use and cost savings will be outlined. The results from detailed energy audits of 12 large corrugated cardboard production plants in California will be discussed, their energy consumption will be compared, and potential savings on the national scale will be addressed.
Chow, S.; Hackett, B.; Ganji, A. R. (2005). Opportunities for Energy Efficiency and Demand Response in Corrugated Cardboard Manufacturing Facilities. Energy Systems Laboratory (http://esl.tamu.edu); Texas A&M University (http://www.tamu.edu). Available electronically from