Field-scale evaluation of a system for manure export through turfgrass sod
MetadataShow full item record
A total maximum daily load (TMDL) assessment in the Upper North Bosque River (UNBR) has mandated reductions of soluble reactive phosphorus (SRP). The large concentrations of dairies in the UNBR watershed have been identified as a source of the SRP. Agricultural best management practices (BMPs) can be used to reduce in-stream loads of manure nutrients from confined dairy feeding operations (CAFOs). A new BMP utilizes turfgrass sod to export composted dairy manure nutrients out of the impaired watershed in a sustainable manner. Previous plot-scale experiments have showed that 46 to 77% of applied phosphorus (P) and 36 to 47% of applied nitrogen (N) were removed in a single sod harvest. Two, 1.4 ha turfgrass fields were instrumented to measure runoff flow and sediment and nutrient transport. One turfgrass field was topdressed with composted dairy manure and fertilizer N and the other with fertilizer N only. A total of 3.5% of the applied manure P and 3.1% of applied manure N were lost in the surface runoff over a 1.5 year period. The runoff data from the experimental fields were used to calibrate and validate Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) model simulations of flow, sediment, organic, and mineral nutrients. The Nash-Sutcliffe model fit statistic was greater than 0.6 for flow, sediment, and nutrients during the calibration period and greater than 0.3 during the validation period. Research results indicated that turfgrass sod can be used to export composted dairy manure out of impaired watersheds to improve water and soil quality.
Choi, In Ho (2005). Field-scale evaluation of a system for manure export through turfgrass sod. Master's thesis, Texas A&M University. Texas A&M University. Available electronically from