Design of a 125 mhz tunable continuous-time bandpass modulator for wireless IF applications
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Bandpass sigma-delta modulators combine oversampling and noise shaping to get very high resolution in a limited bandwidth. They are widely used in applications that require narrowband high-resolution conversion at high frequencies. In recent years interests have been seen in wireless system and software radio using sigma-delta modulators to digitize signals near the front end of radio receivers. Such applications necessitate clocking the modulators at a high frequency (MHz or above). Therefore a loop filter is required in continuous-time circuits (e.g., using transconductors and integrators) rather than discretetime circuits (e.g., using switched capacitors) where the maximum clocking rate is limited by the bandwidth of Opamp, switchÂs speed and settling-time of the circuitry. In this work, the design of a CMOS fourth-order bandpass sigma-delta modulator clocking at 500 MHz for direct conversion of narrowband signals at 125 MHz is presented. A new calibration scheme is proposed for the best signal-to-noise-distortion-ratio (SNDR) of the modulator. The continuous-time loop filter is based on Gm-C resonators. A novel transconductance amplifier has been developed with high linearity at high frequency. Qfactor of filter is enhanced by tunable negative impedance which cancels the finite output impendence of OTA. The fourth-order modulator is implemented using 0.35 mm triplemetal standard analog CMOS technology. Postlayout simulation in CADENCE demonstrates that the modulator achieves a SNDR of 50 dB (~8 bit) performance over a 1 MHz bandwidth. The modulatorÂs power consumption is 302 mW from supply power of Â± 1.65V.
Liu, Xuemei (2004). Design of a 125 mhz tunable continuous-time bandpass modulator for wireless IF applications. Master's thesis, Texas A&M University. Texas A&M University. Available electronically from