Feedback control of flow separation using synthetic jets
MetadataShow full item record
The primary goal of this research is to assess the effect of synthetic jets on flow separation and provide a feedback control strategy for flow separation using synthetic jets. The feedback control synthesis is conducted based upon CFD simulation for a rounded backward-facing step. The results of the synthetic jet experiments on an airfoil showed that synthetic jets have the potential for controlling the degree of flow separation beyond delaying the onset of flow separation. In the simulation, while the jet is ejected slightly upstream from the separation point, the feedback pressure signal is acquired at a downstream wall point where the vortex is fully developed. Due to the uniqueness of synthetic jets, i.e. "zero-net-mass flux", the profile of synthetic jet velocity cannot be arbitrarily generated. The possible control variables are the magnitude or frequency of the oscillating jet velocity. Consequently, the fluidic system in simulation consists of the actuator model and the NARMAX (Nonlinear Auto Regressive Moving Average with eXogenous inputs) flow model. This system shows a strong nonlinear pressure response to the input jet frequency. Low-pass filtering of the pressure response, introduced for pressure recovery, facilitates a quasi-linear approximation of the system in the frequency domain using the describing function method. The low-pass filter effectively separates the pressure response into two frequency bands. The lower frequency band below the filter pass frequency includes the quasi-linear response targeted by the feedback control and the higher band above the filter stop frequency contains the attenuated higher harmonics, which are treated as nonlinear disturbances. This quasi-linear approximation is utilized to design a PI controller for the fluidic system including the synthetic jet. To ensure one-to-one correspondence of the jet frequency and the filtered pressure response, the upper bound of the jet frequency is set at the frequency of the maximum pressure. The response of the resulting closed loop feedback control system, comprised of a PI controller, low-pass filter, SJA model and NARMAX model, is shown to track the desired pressure command with an improvement in the transient response over the open-loop system.
Kim, Kihwan (2005). Feedback control of flow separation using synthetic jets. Doctoral dissertation, Texas A&M University. Texas A&M University. Available electronically from