High porosity materials, scaffolds, and method of making
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Materials and methods for preparing three dimensional scaffolds are described. The materials, as improved high internal phase emulsions (HIPES), and the polymerization thereof may be suitable for injection prior to curing and when in an injectable form may be for site-directed in vivo use, curing after injection. In addition, said materials before curing may be engineered as a tissue substitution or enhancement and/or to include cell encapsulation. Said materials described herein form a monolith after curing and are biodegradable and porous after curing. Said materials are made from starting molecules using a process that does not rely on toxic solvents or monomers. Making of said materials to form the emulsion take advantage of one or more surfactants for HIPE stability. In addition, said materials cure at temperatures appropriate for use in an in vivo or in situ environment.
Cosgriff-hernandez, Elizabeth M.; Moglia, Robert Scott; Robinson, Jennifer L.; Sears, Nicholas A. (2015). High porosity materials, scaffolds, and method of making. United States. Patent and Trademark Office; Texas A&M University. Libraries. Available electronically from