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Novel Birefringent Frequency Discriminator for Microwave Photonic Links
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A novel photonic frequency discriminator has been developed. The discriminator utilizes a Mach Zehnder interferometer-assisted ring resonator to achieve enhanced linearity. A numerical frequency-domain two-tone test is performed to evaluate the unique design of the discriminator, particularly for suppression of the third order intermodulation distortion. The discriminator is switchable between linear-intensity and linear-field regimes by adjusting a phase delay on one arm of the Mach Zehnder interferometer. Through the simulation, the linear<intensity discriminator is shown to be advantageous. The discriminator is an optical ring resonator-Mach Zehnder interferometer synthesized passive filter. The ring resonator is made of Arsenic trisulfide (As2S3) and the bus waveguide is a Titanium<diffused Lithium niobate (LiNbO3) waveguide. This As2S3 ring-on-Ti:LiNbO3 hybrid structure offers electro-optic tunability of the device owing to a strong electro-optic effect of the substrate material. A large optical confinement factor achieved by vertical integration of the As2S3 strip waveguide on a LiNbO3 substrate enables a low loss ring resonator. The Mach Zehnder interferometer is formed by the optical path length difference of the birefringent LiNbO3 substrate instead of a physical Y-branch structure, which makes the fabrication tolerances relaxed. In order for this highly birefringent device to be characterized, each polarization mode must be measured separately. A novel algorithm which can measure the wavelength-swept Jones matrix including its phase response is devised. The efficacy of the algorithm is demonstrated by characterizing a ring resonator. Finally, the fabricated discriminator is fully characterized using the algorithm.
planar lightwave circuit
analog optical link
optical ring resonator
Kim, Jae Hyun (2013). Novel Birefringent Frequency Discriminator for Microwave Photonic Links. Doctoral dissertation, Texas A&M University. Available electronically from
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