Jitter-Tolerance and Blocker-Tolerance of Delta-Sigma Analog-to-Digital Converters for Saw-Less Multi-Standard Receivers
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The quest for multi-standard and software-defined radio (SDR) receivers calls for high flexibility in the receiver building-blocks so that to accommodate several wireless services using a single receiver chain in mobile handsets. A potential approach to achieve flexibility in the receiver is to move the analog-to-digital converter (ADC) closer to the antenna so that to exploit the enormous advances in digital signal processing, in terms of technology scaling, speed, and programmability. In this context, continuous-time (CT) delta-sigma (ΔƩ) ADCs show up as an attractive option. CT ΔƩ ADCs have gained significant attention in wideband receivers, owing to their amenability to operate at a higher-speed with lower power consumption compared to discrete-time (DT) implementations, inherent anti-aliasing, and robustness to sampling errors in the loop quantizer. However, as the ADC moves closer to the antenna, several blockers and interferers are present at the ADC input. Thus, it is important to investigate the sensitivities of CT ΔƩ ADCs to out-of-band (OOB) blockers and find the design considerations and solutions needed to maintain the performance of CT ΔƩ modulators in presence of OOB blockers. Also, CT ΔƩ modulators suffer from a critical limitation due to their high sensitivity to the clock-jitter in the feedback digital-to-analog converter (DAC) sampling-clock. In this context, the research work presented in this thesis is divided into two main parts. First, the effects of OOB blockers on the performance of CT ΔƩ modulators are investigated and analyzed through a detailed study. A potential solution is proposed to alleviate the effect of noise folding caused by intermodulation between OOB blockers and shaped quantization noise at the modulator input stage through current-mode integration. Second, a novel DAC solution that achieves tolerance to pulse-width jitter by spectrally shaping the jitter induced errors is presented. This jitter-tolerant DAC doesn’t add extra requirements on the slew-rate or the gain-bandwidth product of the loop filter amplifiers. The proposed DAC was implemented in a 90nm CMOS prototype chip and provided a measured attenuation for in-band jitter induced noise by 26.7dB and in-band DAC noise by 5dB, compared to conventional current-steering DAC, and consumes 719µwatts from 1.3V supply.
SubjectDelta-Sigma (ΔƩ) modulators
analog-to-digital converter (ADC)
continuous-time (CT) ΔƩ
software-defined radio (SDR)
Ahmed, Ramy 1981- (2012). Jitter-Tolerance and Blocker-Tolerance of Delta-Sigma Analog-to-Digital Converters for Saw-Less Multi-Standard Receivers. Doctoral dissertation, Texas A&M University. Available electronically from