Experimental frequency-dependent rotordynamic coefficients for a load-on-pad, high-speed, flexible-pivot tilting-pad bearing
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This thesis provides experimental frequency dependent stiffness and damping coefficient results for a high-speed, lightly loaded, flexible-pivot tilting-pad bearing, with a load-on-pad configuration. Test conditions include four shaft speeds (6000, 9000, 13000 and 16000 rpm), and bearing unit loads from 172 kPa to 690 kPa. The results show that the bearing stiffness is a quadratic function of the frequency of vibration; hence their frequency dependency can be modeled by added-mass terms. The additional degrees of freedom introduced by the pads and the influence of the inertial forces generated in the fluid film account for this frequency dependency. The conventional frequency-dependent stiffness and damping model for tilting-pad bearings is extended with an added-mass matrix to account for the frequency dependency. This approach allows the description of the bearing dynamic characteristics with frequency-independent stiffness, damping and added-mass matrices. Experimental results are compared with predictions from the Reynolds equation and from a bulk-flow Navier-Stokes model. Both models produce good predictions of the stiffness and damping coefficients. However, results show that the bulk-flow model is more adequate for predicting the direct added-mass terms because it accounts for the fluid inertial forces. A bulk-flow solution of the Navier-Stokes equations that includes the effects of fluid inertia should be used to calculate the rotordynamic coefficients of a flexible-pivot tilting-bearing. Static performance measurement results are also detailed. Results include pad metal temperatures, eccentricity-ratios and attitude-angle as a function of bearing load, and estimated power losses.
Rodriguez Colmenares, Luis Emigdio (2003). Experimental frequency-dependent rotordynamic coefficients for a load-on-pad, high-speed, flexible-pivot tilting-pad bearing. Master's thesis, Texas A&M University. Texas A&M University. Available electronically from