GPS receiver self survey and attitude determination using pseudolite signals
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This dissertation explores both the estimation of various parameters from a multiple antenna GPS receiver, which is used as an attitude sensor, and attitude determination using GPS-like Pseudolite signals. To use a multiple antenna GPS receiver as an attitude sensor, parameters such as baselines, integer ambiguities, line biases, and attitude, should be resolved beforehand. Also, due to a cycle slip problem a subsystem to correct this problem should be implemented. All of these tasks are called a self survey. A new algorithm to estimate these parameters from a GPS receiver is developed usingnonlinear batch ﬁlteringmethods.For convergence issues, both the nolinear least squares (NLS) and Levenberg-Marquardt (LM) methods are applied in the estimation.Acomparison ofthe NLSand LMmethods shows that the convergence of the LM method for the large initial errors is more robust than that of the NLS. In the proximity of the International Space Station (ISS), Pseudolite signals replace the GPSsignals since almostallsignals are blocked.Since the Pseudolite signals have spherical wavefronts, a new observation model should be applied. A nonlinear predictive ﬁlter, an extended Kalman ﬁlter (EKF), and an unscented ﬁlter (UF) are developed and compared using Pseudolite signals. A nonlinear predictive ﬁlter can provide a deterministic solution; however, it cannot be used for the moving case. Instead, the EKF or the UF can be used with the angular rate measurements. A comparison of EKF and UF shows that the convergence of the UF for the large initial errors is more robust than that of the EKF. Also, an alternative global navigation constellation is presented by using the Flower Constellation (FC) scheme. A comparison of FC global navigation constellation and other GPS constellations, U.S. GPS, Galileo, and GLONASS, shows that position and attitude errors of the FC constellation are smaller that those of the others.
Extended Kalman Filter
Park, Keun Joo (2004). GPS receiver self survey and attitude determination using pseudolite signals. Doctoral dissertation, Texas A&M University. Texas A&M University. Available electronically from