Performance Projections of HPC Applications on Chip Multiprocessor (CMP) Based Systems
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Performance projections of High Performance Computing (HPC) applications onto various hardware platforms are important for hardware vendors and HPC users. The projections aid hardware vendors in the design of future systems and help HPC users with system procurement and application refinements. In this dissertation, we present an efficient method to project the performance of HPC applications onto Chip Multiprocessor (CMP) based systems using widely available standard benchmark data. The main advantage of this method is the use of published data about the target machine; the target machine need not be available. With the current trend in HPC platforms shifting towards cluster systems with chip multiprocessors (CMPs), efficient and accurate performance projection becomes a challenging task. Typically, CMP-based systems are configured hierarchically, which significantly impacts the performance of HPC applications. The goal of this research is to develop an efficient method to project the performance of HPC applications onto systems that utilize CMPs. To provide for efficiency, our projection methodology is automated (projections are done using a tool) and fast (with small overhead). Our method, called the surrogate-based workload application projection method, utilizes surrogate benchmarks to project an HPC application performance on target systems where computation component of an HPC application is projected separately from the communication component. Our methodology was validated on a variety of systems utilizing different processor and interconnect architectures with high accuracy and efficiency. The average projection error on three target systems was 11.22 percent with standard deviation of 1.18 percent for twelve HPC workloads.
SubjectHigh Performance Computing
Shawky Sharkawi, Sameh Sh (2011). Performance Projections of HPC Applications on Chip Multiprocessor (CMP) Based Systems. Doctoral dissertation, Texas A&M University. Available electronically from