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dc.contributor.advisorChapkin, Robert S.
dc.creatorYog, Rajeshwari
dc.date.accessioned2011-02-22T22:24:26Z
dc.date.accessioned2011-02-22T23:49:12Z
dc.date.available2011-02-22T22:24:26Z
dc.date.available2011-02-22T23:49:12Z
dc.date.created2010-12
dc.date.issued2011-02-22
dc.date.submittedDecember 2010
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1969.1/ETD-TAMU-2010-12-8423
dc.description.abstractT helper (Th) cell activation is necessary for the adaptive immune response. Formation of an immunological synapse (IS) between Th cells and antigen-presenting cells is the first step in Th cell activation. In vitro studies indicate that formation of the IS induces cytoskeleton-dependent mitochondrial redistribution to the immediate vicinity of the IS. This redistribution of mitochondria to the IS in T cells is necessary to maintain Ca2 influx across the plasma membrane and Ca2 -dependent Th cell activation. Earlier studies have demonstrated that n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) suppress the localization and activation of signaling proteins at the IS. Therefore, we hypothesized that n-3 PUFA suppress CD4 T cell mitochondrial translocation during the early stages of IS formation and down-modulate Ca2 dependent Th cell activation. CD4 cells derived from fat-1 mice, a transgenic model that synthesizes n-3 PUFA from n-6 PUFA, were co-cultured with anti-CD3-expressing hybridoma cells (145-2C11) for 15 min at 37 degrees C, and mitochondrial translocation to the IS was assessed by confocal microscopy. fat-1 mice exhibited a significantly (P< 0.05) reduced percentage of CD4 T cells with mitochondria which translocated to the IS; fat-1 (30 percent) versus wild type control (82 percent). With respect to an effect on the mitochondrial-to-cytosolic Ca2 ratio, wild type cells showed significant increases at the IS (71 percent) and total cell (60 percent) within 30 min of IS formation. In contrast, fat-1 CD4 T cells remained at basal levels following the IS formation. A similar blunting of the mitochondrial-to-cytosolic Ca2 ratio was observed in wild type cells co-incubated with inhibitors of the mitochondrial uniporter, RU360 or calcium release-activated Ca2 (CRAC) channels, BTP2. Together, these observations provide evidence that n-3 PUFA modulate Th cell activation by limiting mitochondrial translocation to the IS and reducing Ca2 entry.en
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.subjectinflammationen
dc.subjectn-3 fatty acidsen
dc.subjectmitochondriaen
dc.subjectcalciumen
dc.subjectT cell activationen
dc.subjectfat-1en
dc.subjectimmunological synapseen
dc.subjectnutritionen
dc.titlen-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids Suppress Mitochondrial Translocation to the Immunological Synapse and Modulate Calcium Signaling in T Cellsen
dc.typeBooken
dc.typeThesisen
thesis.degree.departmentVeterinary Integrative Biosciencesen
thesis.degree.disciplineBiomedical Scienceen
thesis.degree.grantorTexas A&M Universityen
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Scienceen
thesis.degree.levelMastersen
dc.contributor.committeeMemberMcMurray, David
dc.contributor.committeeMemberMouneimne, Roula and Welsh, Christabel
dc.type.genreElectronic Thesisen
dc.type.materialtexten


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